9. The heartbeat of 5G private networks

New connectivity technologies, such as 5G-6G and Wi-Fi 6e-Wi-Fi 7, will drive automation on a scale never seen before, and pose an innovation and business model challenge that the regulatory framework must help solve.

We live in an increasingly connected world. Since the popularisation of the internet in the 1990s, connectivity has taken on a fundamental importance in our society, driving the development of new technologies and, above all, transforming the way we communicate with each other. However, this growing demand for ever faster connections (and increasingly secure) poses significant technological challenges.

Recently, there have been advanced connectivity optionsThe fifth generation of mobile networks, popularly known as the fifth generation of mobile networks, is increasingly ready to meet these needs. The fifth generation of mobile networks, popularly referred to as 5Gand the new standard of Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax) are two outstanding examples, not only for the revolution they bring to wireless communications, but also for their applications in private networking.

Boosting demand and innovation

These technologies have enormous potential to improve our quality of life and boost efficiency in a wide range of business sectors. However, the constraints to the creation of 5G private networks in many regions, including Spain, are holding back the emergence of new use cases in Industry 4.0 and preventing the development of an innovative fabric around technologies that bring the economy in real time and with almost no latency.

The Industry 4.0 will need to incorporate 5G and 6G and Wi-Fi 6e and Wi-Fi 7 into its smart automation systems to develop the real-time economy. Currently, the lack of available spectrum means that innovation in technologies and use cases is left to a few players, while other countries are promoting a new sector by creating a much more favourable environment for private 5G networks. As in the case of microelectronics, fostering the role of SMEs as drivers of demand can foster the emergence of its own sector in a key area of the technological revolution, and that means making access to private 5G networks more flexible.